Student Manual

You Are Here: The Basic Stances

The Basic Stances

 ( Charyot Sogi )

Attention Stance

The feet are at 45 degrees. This is the attention position called at the start of the class and at the end of class.

 ( Narani Sogi )

Parallel Ready Stance

This is the basic ready stance in Taekwon-Do. Weight distribution is 50/50. Movements may be performed in this stance – sine wave is generated by coming up onto the balls of the feet and dropping the body’s weight.

 ( Gunnun Sogi )

Walking Stance

 

This is the basic ready stance in Taekwon-Do. Weight distribution is 50/50. Movements may be performed in this stance – sine wave is generated by coming up onto the balls of the feet and dropping the body’s weight.

 ( Niunja Sogi )

L-Stance

 

The rear leg is bent and the forward leg is almost straight. The toes of both feet point inwards slightly. The body is always either side or half facing in this stance.
Weight distribution: 70 percent of the weight is on the rear leg.

 ( Gojong Sogi )

Fixed Stance

 

Fixed stance is similar to a lengthened L-stance, except that the weight distribution is even and both legs are equally bent. Whether it is a left or right stance is therefore determined by the forward leg.

 ( Annun Sogi )

Sitting Stance

In sitting stance, sine wave is generated by almost straightening the knees, then bending them. Weight distribution is 50/50. There is no obverse or reverse.

 ( Moa Sogi )

Closed Stance

This can be either full facing or side facing. There are four varieties, Moa Junbi Sogi A, Moa Junbi Sogi B, Moa Junbi Sogi C and Moa Junbi Sogi D.


  • Moa Sogi ‘A’ – the distance between the philtrum and the fists is approximately 30cm
  • Moa Sogi ‘B’ – the distance between the fists and the navel is approximately 15cm
  • Moa Sogi ‘C’ –the distance between the fists and the abdomen is approx. 10 cm

 ( Dwi Bal Sogi )

Closed Stance

Stand with your front foot facing forwards and the back foot turned 45 degrees to the side, keep the feet quite close together Weight distribution: 90 percent of the weight is on the rear leg. Additionally, your front foot should be up on the ball of the foot (heel off the ground). This stance appears in Joong-Gun.

With thanks to Grandmaster Donato Nardizzi