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Explanation of Patterns
Originally, there were 24 patterns in TaeKwonDo. This reason for this was explained by General Choi founder of modern Taekwon-Do.
” The life of a human being, perhaps 100 years, can be considered as a day when compared with eternity. Therefore, we, mortals, are no more than simple travelers who pass by the eternal years of an eon in a day. It is evident that no one can live more than a limited amount of time. Nevertheless, most people foolishly enslave themselves to materialism as if they could live for thousands of years. And some people strive to bequeath a good spiritual legacy for coming generations – this way, they gain immortality. Obviously the spirit is perpetual while material is not. Therefore, what we can do to leave behind something for the welfare of mankind is, perhaps, the most important thing in our lives. Here I leave Tae Kwon Do for mankind as a trace of a man of the late 20th Century. The 24 patterns represent 24 hours, one day, or all my life.”
General Choi Hong Hi
( All the patterns in this manual shall assume you are facing the examiners table at ‘D’. )
Patterns are various fundamental movements most of which represent either attack or defense techniques set to a fixed logical sequence. In patterns the student deals with several imaginary opponents under various assumptions using every available attacking and blocking tool from different directions. Thus pattern practice enables the student to go through many fundamental movements in series to develop sparring techniques, improve flexibility of movements, master body shifting and gain rhythmical movements.
It also enables the student to acquire certain techniques or sparring. In short a pattern can be compared with a unit tactic or a word if fundamental movement is in a soldiers training or alphabet. Accordingly pattern the ledger of every movement, is a series of sparring, power tests, feats and characteristic beauty. Though sparring may indicate that an opponent is more or less advanced, patterns are a more critical barometer in evaluating an individual’s technique.
PATTERNS: ESSENTIAL INFORMATION
The following points should be considered while performing patterns:
- Patterns should begin and end at exactly the same spot. This will indicate the performer’s accuracy.
- Correct posture and facing must be maintained at all times.
- Muscles of the body should be either tensed or relaxed at the proper critical moments in the exercise.
- The exercise should be performed in a rhythmic movement with an absence of stiffness.
- Movement should be accelerated or decelerated according to the instructions in this book.
- Each pattern should be perfected before moving to the next .
- Students should know the purpose of each movement.
- Students should perform each movement with realism.
- Attack and defense techniques should be equally distributed among right and left hands and feet.
There are a total of twenty-four patterns in Taekwon-Do. The name of the pattern, the number of movements, and the diagrammatic symbol of each pattern symbolize either heroic figures in Korean history or instances relating to historical events.
Click on film icon for the video of your pattern
For more advanced patterns and references – please use our Patterns Tab
in the Student Area Above.