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English and Korean Terminology

English and Korean Terminology

ENGLISH KOREAN
abdomen bokboo
about turn dwiro toro
achilles tendon dwichook himjool
Adam’s apple gyol hoo
adjust uniform dobok danjung
against dae
air shield gongi bangpae
alternate euhkallin
and wa
angle fingertip homi sonkut
angle of the mandible wit tok
angle punch kiokja jirugi
ankle joint balmok gwanjol
arc-hand bandal son
armed opponent moogi
armpit gyodurang
assistant instructor bu sabum
at ease swiyo
attack gong gyok
attack technique gong gyokgi
attacking tools gong gyok boowi
attention charyot
attention stance charyot sogi
back dwit (dwi-)
back (foot parts/attacks) dwit
back elbow dwit palkup
back fist high side strike dung joomuk nopunde yop taerigi
back fist side back strike dung joomuk yopdwi taerigi
back fist side strike dung joomuk yop taerigi
back hand sondung
back heel dwichook
back kick dwit chagi
back piercing kick dwitcha jirugi
back sole dwitkumchi
back view dwit mosup
back wrist artery dung sonmok dongmaek
backward dwiro
backward (stepping) duruogi
ball of the foot (front sole) ap kumchi
base of knife hand sonkal batang
bayonet chong gum
bear hand gomson
begin si jak
belt ti
bending stance guburyo sogi
black komun
block makgi (magumyo-)
blocking apparatus makgi dae
blocking tools makgi boowi
blue paran / ch’ong
body dropping mom nachugi
bow kyong ye
bow posture kyong ye jase
bow wrist sonmok dung
breath control hohup jojul
bridge of the nose migan
by the count ku ryung ae mat cho so
calisthenics dosoo dallyon
cervix gyong boo
charter of Taekwon-Do Taekwon-Do hun jang
check list daejo pyo
checking momchugi
checking block momchau makgi
checking kick cha momchugi
chest gasum
circular block dollimyo makgi
classification jongyu
clavicle swe gol
close stance moa sogi
club gonbong
coccyx migol
cold showers and baths naengsoo machal
combination honap
competition kyong gi
composition of Taekwon-Do Taekwon-Do goosun
concentration jip joong
consecutive yonsok
continue kesok
count ku ryung
counter kick bada chagi
courtesy ye ui
covering karioogi
crescent bandal
crescent kick bandal chagi
cross-cut ghutgi
crouched stance oguryo sogi
cycle of Taekwon-Do soonhwan do
dagger dando
defence technique bang eau gi
demerit kamjom
demonstration sibum
diagonal stance sasun sogi
direction diagram bang hyang pyo
direction of kick chan bang hyang
dismiss hae san
disqualification silkyok
dobok shirt sang-i
dobok trousers ha-i
dodging pihagi (pihamyo-)
double (attack/defence eg turning kick) i-jung
double (technique eg stepping) ibo
double (tool eg forearm) doo
double arc hand block doo bandalson makgi
double fingertip doo sonkarak
double forearm block doo palmok makgi
double forearm low pushing block doo palmok najunde miro makgi
double forward stepping ibo omgyo didimyo nagagi
double step turning ibo omgyo didimyo dolgi
double stepping ibo omgyo didigi
double step-sliding ibo omgyo didimyo mikulgi
downward naeryo
downward kick naeryo chagi
dumb-bells aryong
dynamic stability dongtchuk anjong
eight yodul / pahl
eighty yudun / pahl shib
elbow palkup (literally ‘arm bend’)
elbow joint palgup gwanjol
epigastrium sang bokboo
equilibrium kyun hyung
etiquette ye jol
extremities pal gwa dari
eyeball angoo
face towards (eg face instructor and bow) kke (eg Sabum kke kyong ye)
fast motion pparun sokdo
female yoja
fifty schwin / oh shib
finger belly songarak badak
finger pincers jipge son
finger toughening box dallyon tong
fingertips sonkut
fist joomuk
five dasot / oh
fixed stance gojung sogi
fixed type gojongsik
flat fingertip opun sonkut
flat fingertip high thrust opun sonkut nopunde tulgi
flat fingertip thrust opun sonkut tulgi
floating ribs nuk gol
flying (technique) twimyo (twio-)
flying kick twimyo chagi
flying side piercing kick twimyo yop cha jirugi
focus shield chotjum bangpae
foot lifting bal dulgi
foot parts ha bansin
foot shifting jajun bal
foot sparring bal matsogi
foot tackling bal golgi
foot techniques bal gisool
footsword balkal
fore finger inji
forearm palmok
forearm front block palmok ap makgi
forearm high side block palmok nopunde yop makgi
forearm low block palmok najunde makgi
forefist ap joomuk
forehead ima
fore-knuckle fist inji joomuk
forging bag dallyon bag
forging pendulum dallyon gune
forging post dallyon joo
forty mahun / sah shib
forward apuro
forward (stepping) nagagi
forward stepping omgyo didimyo nagagi
fossa ogum
fouls banchik
four net / sah
four direction block saju makgi
four direction kick sabang chagi
four direction punch saju jirugi
four direction thrust saju tulgi
free sparring jayu matsogi
front ap
front elbow strike ap palkup taerigi
front rising kick ap cha olligi
front snap kick ap cha busigi
front view ap mosup
front-back kick apdwi chagi
full facing ohn mom
function kinung
fundamental exercises gibon yonsup
gain a victory in one blow olkyokpilsung
general assumptions ilban kahjung
Grand Master (9th degree in the ITF) Saseong
grasping block butjaba makgi
grasping kick butjapgo chagi
green paran / nok
groin sataguni
ground noowo
ground techniques noowo gisool
guarding block daebi makgi
half bahn
half facing bahn mom
hand parts sang bansin
hand sparring son matsogi
hand technique son gisool
head mori
heart shim jang
heaven hand hanulson
heavy mukoun
high nopunde
high double forearm block nopunde doo palmok makgi
high elbow nopun palkup
high kick nopi chagi
high outer forearm block nopunde bakat palmok makgi
high section nopun boobun
history of Taekwon-Do Taekwon-Do yoksa
holding bachigi
hooking block golcho makgi
hooking kick golcho chagi
horizontal soopyong
horizontal wave soopyong pahdo
how to make a clenched fist jwinun bop
how to use sayong bop
humanity in
hundred baek / baek
identification of title chingho pyosik
indomitable spirit baekjul boolgool
injury busang
inner an
inner forearm circular block an palmok dollimyo makgi
inner forearm side front block an palmok yobap makgi
inner thigh anjok hobok dari
inside block anmakgi
instep baldung
Instructor Sabum (nim)
integrity yom chi
inward anuro
inward block anuro makgi
jar danji
jaw yop tok
jump rope twim jool
jumping (see also flying) twigi
kick chagi (cha-)
kidney kongpat
knee moorup
knee bending moorup guburigi
knee joint moorup gwanjol
knee upward kick moorup ollyo chagi
knife-hand sonkal
knife-hand downward strike sonkal naeryo taerigi
knife-hand guarding block sonkal daebi makgi
knife-hand high front strike sonkal nopunde ap taerigi
knife-hand high inward strike sonkal nopunde anuro taerigi
knife-hand low guarding block sonkal najunde daebi makgi
knife-hand side strike sonkal yop taerigi
knuckle fist sonkarak joomuk
left wen
leg crossing dari kogi
leg stretching dari pyogi
light labyoun
line up annoda wie
lips ipsul
liver gan jang
long fist ghin joomuk
low najunde
low block najunde makgi
low section najun boobun
low stance nachuo sogi
low stance palm pressing block nachuo so sonbadak noolo makgi
lower mit
lower abdomen ha bokboo
L-stance niunja sogi
L-stance forearm guarding block niunja so palmok daebi makgi
L-stance inner forearm middle block niunja so an palmok kaunde makgi
L-stance knife-hand guarding block niunja so sonkal daebi makgi
L-stance middle knife-hand side strike niunja so kaunde sonkal yop taerigi
L-stance twin forearm block niunja so sang palmok makgi
luring block yuin makgi
male namja
mandible tok gwanjol
mass zilyang
Master (7th & 8th degree in the ITF) Sahyun
mastrid hoo-i-boo
method of exercise yonsup bop
mid-air kick twio dolmyo chagi
middle kaunde
middle finger joongji
middle inner forearm block kaunde an palmok makgi
middle knuckle fist joongji joomuk
middle reverse knife-hand block kaunde sonkal dung makgi
middle section kaunde boobun
middle side punch kaunde yop jirugi
mirror ko ul
miscellaneous parts gita boowi
model sparring mobum matsogi
moral culture jungshin sooyang
mountain climbing dung san
mounted type ollyo nonnun shik
move backwards dwiro kaggi
move forwards apuro kaggi
moveable type idong shik
neck mok
neck artery mok dongmaek
nine ahop / gool
nine (9) -shape block gutja makgi
ninety ahun / goo shib
no ani
normal speed potong sokdo
nose kotdung
obverse punch baro jirugi
occiput hudoo
one hana / il
one way han chok
one-leg stance waebal sogi
one-step sparring ilbo matsogi
open fist pyon joomuk
open stance palja sogi
outer bakat
outer forearm W shape block bakat palmok san makgi
outside block bakat makgi
outward bakuro
outward block bakuro makgi
overhead kick twio nomo chagi
overlapped back hand pogaen sondung
palm sonbadak
palm hooking block sonbadak golcho makgi
palm pushing block sonbadak miro makgi
palm upward block sonbadak ollyo makgi
parallel narani
parallel ready stance narani junbi sogi
parallel stance narani sogi
pattern tul
pattern diagram yoo moo son
perseverance in nae
philosophy of Taekwon-Do Taekwon-Do chul hak
philtrum injoong
pick-shaped kick gok-kaeng-i chagi
piercing kick cha jirugi
pistol gwon chong
point of the chin mit tok
points dukjom
pole mongdung-i
pole mongdung-i
pole (block, grasp) mongdung-i (makgi, japgi)
portable type heudae shik
power holder gyokpa dae
power indicator wiryok gi
practice suit dobok
prearranged sparring yaksok matsogi
preface morimal
preparatory exercise junbi undong
press finger jiap
pressing noollo
procedure for leading a class sooryon jido bop
propriety ye
pubic region chiboo
public service sahwe bongsa
pullers dallyon jool
punch jirugi (jirumyo-)
punching ball dallyon gong
punching kick jirumyo chagi
pursue one goal whatsoever once it is determined ohdoilkwan
pushing block miro makgi
pushing kick cha milgi
push-ups momtong bachim
radial artery maekbak sonmok dongmaek
reaction force bandong ryok
ready junbi
ready posture junbi jase
ready stance junbi sogi
ready stance A junbi sogi A
ready stance B junbi sogi B
rear foot stance dwitbal sogi
red ppaigan
reflex banung
reflex kick bansa chagi
release (from eg a wrist grab) jappyosul tae
repeat tashi
return to ready baro
reverse (hand and foot parts) dung
reverse (techniques) bandae
reverse footsword balkal dung
reverse hooking kick bandae dollyo goro chagi
reverse knife-hand front strike sonkal dung ap taerigi
reverse punch bandae jirugi
reverse turning kick bandae dollyo chagi
right orun
righteousness ui
ring finger yakji
rising block chookyo makgi
rising kick cha olligi
rules for competition kyong gi kyu jong
saw tooth wave topnal pahdo
scissors-shape kick kawi chagi
scooping block duro makgi
scoring chejom
scrotum nang shim
section of the body mom dungboon
self control guk gi
self-defence techniques hosin sul
semi free sparring ban jayu matsogi
separate hechyo
serve one master with unshakeable loyalty ilpyondanshim
seven ilgop / chil
seventy il’hn / chill shib
shifting jajunbal
shift-stepping jajunbal omgyo didigi
shin jong kwaeng-i
shoulder euhke
shoulder joint eukke gwanjol
shout kihap
side yop
side back yopdwi
side elbow thrust yop palkup tulgi
side facing yop mom
side front yobap
side instep yop baldung
side kick yop chagi
side piercing kick yop cha jirugi
side sole yop bal badak
side thrusting kick yop cha tulgi
side twisting kick yop bituro chagi
side view yop mosup
sidewards yoburo
sine wave hwaldung pahdo
single (technique eg. stepping) ilbo
single (tools eg. back-hand) wae
single finger (usually the forefinger) han songarak
sit down chak su
sitting stance annun sogi
sitting stance middle punch annun so kaunde jirugi
six yosot / yook
sixty yeysun / yook shib
skip kick durokamyo chagi
skull dae sin moon
sliding mikulgi
slow motion nurin dongjak
small of the back gyong chu
smashing (snap) kick cha busigi
solar plexus myong chi
song of Taekwon-Do Taekwon-Do norae
sparring matsogi
special technique holder tukgi dae
speed sokdo
spiral kick rasonsik chagi
spleen bi jang
sponge pad sponji byogae
spot gujari
spot turning gujari dolgi
square punching kick sagak jirumyo chagi
stability anjong
stamping kick cha bapgi
stance sogi (so-)
stance mould sogi pan
stand up ye ru sut
start sijak
static stability jungtchuk anjong
step sliding omgyo didimyo mikulgi
step turning omgyo didimyo dolgi
stepping omgyo didigi (didimyo-)
step-shifting omgyo didimyo jajunbal
step-turning sliding omgyo didimyo dolymyo mikulgi
sternum hyung gol
stop guman
straight (technique eg thrust) sun
straight fingertip thrust sun sonkut tulgi
straight kick jigeau chagi
straw pad jip byogae
strike taerigi (taerimyo-)
student and instructor relationship sajeji do
students jeja
sudden attack boori gong gyok
sweeping kick suroh chagi
system of rank dan gup jedo
system of sparring matsogi goosong
table of contents mokcha
Taekwon-Do practitioner Taekwon-Doin
teacher kyo sa (nim)
temple gwanja nori
ten yul / shib
tenets of Taekwon-Do Taekwon-Do jungshin
test simsa
thank you ko mup sum neda
thenar umjigoo
theory of power him ui wolli
thirty surun / sam shib
three set / sam
three direction kick sambang chagi
three on one sparring samdil matsogi
three step semi-free sparring sambo ban jayu matsogi
three-step sparring sambo matsogi
throwing and falling (techniques) dunjigi wa torojigi
thrust tulgi (tulumyo-)
thrusting kick cha tulgi
thumb umji
thumb knuckle fist umji joomuk
thumb ridge umji batang
tibia kyong gol
time allowance shigan baedang
title chingho
toe edge balgarak nal
toes balkut
towards (direction) (eg towards A) bang (eg A-bang)
training sooryon
training aids dallyon goo
training equipment sooryon jangbi
training hall do jang
training schedule sooryon gehek pyo
trapezoid punching kick jaegak jirumyo chagi
travel yo haeng
treble (technique eg. turning) sambo
triple (eg. attack) samjung
trust shin
tumbling kick joma chagi
turning dolgi (dollyo-)
turning (around) dolgi
turning (technique eg. kick) dollyo
turning kick dollyo chagi
twenty sumul / i shib
twin sang
twin foot sangbal
twin foot kick sang bal chagi
twin forearm block sang palmok makgi
twin knife-hand block sang sonkal makgi
twin palm upward block doo sonbadak ollyo makgi
twin vertical punch sang sewo jirugi
twisting kick bituro chagi
two dool / i
two direction kick sangbang chagi
two on one sparring idil matsogi
two way yang chok
two-step sparring ibo matsogi
umbilicus baekkob
umpire simpan
under fist mit joomuk
under forearm mit palmok
upper wi
upper back gyon gap
upper back elbow strike wi dwi palkup taerigi
upper elbow wi palkup
upper elbow strike wi palkup taerigi
upper neck witmok
upset fingertip dwijibun sonkut
upset fingertip low thrust dwijibun sonkut najunde tulgi
upset punch dwijibo jirugi
upward ollyo
upward punch ollyo jirugi
U-shape (block, grasp, punch) digutja (makgi, japgi, jirugi)
vertical sewo
vertical kick sewo chagi
vertical stance soojik sogi
vital spots kupso
waist block hori makgi
walking stance gunnun sogi
walking stance high punch gunnun so nopunde ap jirugi
warnings kyongko
warrior ready stance moosa junbi sogi
waving kick doro chagi
wedging block hechyo makgi
weight chegup
where is the bathroom Hwa-jang-shil uh-dee-ee-suh-yo
white hayan
windpipe soom tong
wisdom ji
without count ku ryung op chi
wooden horse mok ma
wrist joint sonmok gwanjol
W-shape block san makgi
X kyocha
X-fist pressing block kyocha joomuk noolo makgi
X-fist rising block kyocha joomuk chookyo makgi
X-knife-hand checking block kyocha sonkal momchau makgi
X-stance kyocha sogi
yellow noran
yes ne
you’re welcome chang ma naeo